There are significant gaps between the recommendations issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to improve antibiotic stewardship, which may have resulted in significant differences in clinical practice in neonatal settings, according to study findings published in Pediatrics.
An incomplete and poorly conceived report from the controversial Institute for Clinical and Economic Review has set its sights on a most unbecoming target: infants with a degenerative, life-threatening neurological condition.
CDC officials reported high influenza activity in 19 states and New York City, and 24 states had widespread activity during the week ending Dec. 29. Two additional pediatric deaths have been reported, bringing the season's total to 13, while influenza A strain H1N1 remains the most prevalent form.
Babies who had elevated prenatal alcohol exposure trajectories had lower birth weight and length and scored lower on neurodevelopmental assessments at ages 6 months and 12 months, according to a study in Pediatrics.
Neonatal video-assisted resuscitation reduces transfers from hospitals without newborn intensive care units and provides significant cost savings, according to study published in the November issue of Health Affairs.
Researchers found that infants born to mothers who smoked and who received vitamin C with their prenatal vitamins had significantly improved forced expiratory flows at age 3 months, compared with those whose smoking mothers were given placebos along with the prenatal vitamins.
Canadian researchers found that preterm infants who received caffeine within the first two days of life had improved cognitive test scores and were less likely to develop hearing problems and cerebral palsy at ages 18 months to 24 months compared with those who were given caffeine after the first two days of life.
Most fetal abnormalities in infants with intrauterine exposure to the Zika virus were detected on prenatal ultrasound images, but some mild brain abnormalities were detected only in postnatal scans, researchers reported in JAMA Pediatrics.
Advocates cannot reach every infant or every family, acknowledged National Coalition for Infant HealthMedical Director Mitchell Goldstein, MD, as he welcomed attendees to the fourth annual infant health policy summit on Thursday. But, he emphasized, “We can impact policy.”
Researchers found that infants whose mothers received Tdap immunization between 27 weeks' and 36 weeks' gestation had significantly higher geometric mean concentrations of pertussis toxin antibodies in their cord blood than those whose mothers weren't given Tdap vaccine.
Oct. 10 (UPI) -- Hispanic infants born with heart disease have worse outcomes in the first year than those born to white mothers, with researchers linking the finding to the mother's level of education and insurance coverage, according to a study.