Gut bacteria changes seen in preemies with longer antibiotic treatment

A study in Nature Microbiology showed that babies born very preterm who underwent antibiotic treatment for 21 months had reduced bacterial population diversity and increased antibiotic-resistant genes in their gut.

More tiny preemies leave hospital with human milk for feedings

A growing number of extremely tiny newborns are being sent home from the hospital with human milk for feedings when their mothers don’t produce enough milk to meet their nutritional needs, a U.S. study suggests.

Infant Suffocation Deaths in Bed Increased From 1996 to 2016

There were significant increases in infant mortality from accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed (ASSB) from 1999 to 2016, according to a study recently published in the Maternal and Child Health Journal.

Preterm infants less likely to get all recommended vaccines

More than 50% of preterm infants in Washington state had not received the entire seven-vaccine series by 19 months and they were less likely to be fully vaccinated by 36 months of age, compared with term infants, a study in Pediatrics found.

CDC rotavirus vaccine guidelines leave some NICU patients at risk

Eighty-five percent of children in a NICU were affected by a rotavirus outbreak, and of the 22 who met the standard for infection, 15 were unvaccinated, researchers reported in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society. The CDC's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices guidance advises against rotavirus immunization for NICU infants, and recommends first vaccine doses occur before 15 weeks of age, leaving some children in the NICU ineligible for vaccination under the guidance, and thus unprotected. An accompanying editorial calls for the age limits to be relaxed.

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More Beeps, Fewer Words: Preemies Hear Different Sounds In The Hospital

In the neonatal intensive care unit, keeping fragile infants alive is the number one priority.

But new research from Washington University suggests doctors and parents should also consider the amount of background noise premature babies are hearing.

Read more.

Infant RSV can have long-lasting health implications

Infant respiratory syncytial virus, or RSV, was associated with a significant health care burden that lasted for at least 5 years following acute infection, with the greatest effect seen in the first 2 years, according to research published in The Journal of Infectious Diseases.

Ga. NICU to install 44 cameras to connect parents with infants

The NICU at Gwinnett Medical Center in Georgia is installing 44 closed circuit cameras so parents can watch over their infants when they are not at the hospital. Interim clinical manager Keri Boatwright says the goal is to facilitate a connection between parents and infants.

Breastfeeding may help protect preemies from NEC

Breast milk provides many benefits for babies. And now researchers say mother's milk contains an antibody that protects premature infants from an often-deadly intestinal bacterial disease called necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC).

Gestational diabetes telehealth program tied to improved monitoring

Telehealth can provide an attractive alternative to in-person educational and psychosocial support for women with gestational diabetes, according to a presenter at the American Diabetes Association 79th Scientific Sessions.